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Understanding Depression

What is Depression?

Depression is a mental health condition that causes feelings of sadness, worthlessness, and hopelessness. It affects millions of people around the world and can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

Symptoms of depression can range from mild to severe and can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms include:

  • Feeling sad or anxious for most of the day, nearly every day

  • Loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed

  • Changes in appetite and weight

  • Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much

  • Feeling tired and lacking energy

  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions

  • Feelings of worthlessness, guilt, or hopelessness

  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors

 

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How can depression be treated?

Understood is diagnostic terms, there are several types of depression, including major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), bipolar disorder, postpartum depression, and persistent depressive disorder. Each type of depression has its own unique symptoms and treatment options.

Depression can be treated with therapy, medication, or a combination of both. Medications, such as antidepressants, can help alleviate symptoms of depression including low mood, fatigue and feeling unmotivated. Studies have found that therapy is as effective as anti-depressants and that the more positive results come from the combination of therapy and medication, than medication alone.


Psychotherapy can support the alleviation of depression through exploring the root causes and understanding how low mood might be a secondary result of how we attempt to process or manage difficult experiences historically or day-to-day. Psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy offer short-term, manualised approaches to working through feelings of depression.

If you or a loved one is experiencing depression, it is important to seek help. Depression is a treatable condition and with the right treatment and support, recovery is possible. Remember to take care of yourself and to reach out for help when needed.

 

Supportive tools for Self - Care
that you can begin using today

In addition to therapy and medication, there are several self-care techniques that can help manage symptoms of depression. These include:

  • Exercise: Exercise has been shown to be an effective treatment for depression. Regular exercise can improve mood, reduce anxiety, and increase energy levels.

  • Nutrition: Eating a well-balanced diet can help improve mood and energy levels. Make sure to eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats.

  • Sleep: Getting enough sleep is essential for managing depression. Aim for seven to eight hours of sleep per night.

  • Social support: Spending time with loved ones, joining a support group, or volunteering can provide social support and reduce feelings of loneliness.

  • Mindfulness: Practicing mindfulness, such as meditation or yoga, can help manage stress and anxiety.

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